Yes, plenty. To give you some examples - Juventus, Lyon and Nice. There are many, many more examples.
Now, rather than answering a question with a question, can you answer mine and come up with examples of clubs who have built out of town stadiums, are still in their top flight, yet have seen their crowds drop?
Juve's new stadium is on the same site as the delle Alpi. They only moved to the Olympico while they were rebuilding it. Even then it's less than 3 miles from the centre of Turin and still very much in the city. It also has a dedicated tram station at the ground.
Lyon's old stadium was already "out of town" by your own standards - being 3 miles from the centre of Lyon.